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Friday, May 8, 2020 | History

2 edition of Study of the growth of the tubercle bacillus in Dubos" medium. found in the catalog.

Study of the growth of the tubercle bacillus in Dubos" medium.

Gordon Shaw

Study of the growth of the tubercle bacillus in Dubos" medium.

by Gordon Shaw

  • 242 Want to read
  • 13 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (M.A.) -- University of Toronto, 1948.

The Physical Object
Pagination1 v.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17560754M

  The first semisynthetic medium designed for cultivating bacteria was introduced in by Pasteur and consisted of ammonium salts, yeast ash. and candy sugar. Prior to this, meat broths had been used for bacterial growth medium, an approach that persisted well into this century in the laboratories devoted to medical bacteriology. This banner text can have markup.. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation.

After nearly a century of use, BCG vaccines continue to generate controversy and confusion. Their ability to prevent tuberculosis in studies has been inconsistent. When they have been protective, no clear mechanism of action has been established. Furthermore, the existence of different BCG strains has been described since the s. These strains vary according to several laboratory properties Cited by: Somehow overlooked in today’s revisionist history of the flu, the influenza bacillus or Pfeiffer’s bacillus, discovered by Pfeiffer and Canon in , was originally named Mycobacterium influenzae because it was thought to be related to Mycobacterium mycobacteria stained best with carbolfuchsin and methylene blue—bacterial stains that Robert Koch himself used in the.

Koch was also successful in growing the tubercle bacillus on artificial culture medium: for this he devised a special medium using blood solidified by heat at 65° C. By what later became regarded as a classical masterpiece of research, Koch conclusively proved that the bacillus he had isolated was the cause of the disease. The germ theory of diseases. An epidemic is a complex web of causal processes. Infecting agents – bacteria, viruses, and parasites – differ in characteristics, life cycles, and virulence. They evolve and adapt to changing environments such increasing presence of antibiotics.


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Study of the growth of the tubercle bacillus in Dubos" medium by Gordon Shaw Download PDF EPUB FB2

The authors haye carried out, at the Pasteur Institute of Lille, an investigation into the use of Dubos media for the growth of tubercle bacilli, and present a highly realistic report on the effects of alterations and additions to the Dubos formulae, and of certain characteristic and constant differences "between the growth of virulent and avirulent : C.

Gernez-Rieux, A. Sevin, C. Spy. The authors have made a comparative study of the value of Dubos and Petragnani media for the cultivation of the tubercle bacillus from pathological specimens. They conclude that, although the Dubos media (fluid and solid) are satisfactory when inoculated with the centrifuged deposit of heavily infected material treated with alkali or acid, they are in general less satisfactory than the egg Author: E.

Bernard, P. Braun, B. Kreis. THE good growth of tubercle bacilli on mineral media or on purely vegetable media, such as potatoes and carrots, reversed the conception of the growth requirements of tubercle bacilli, based upon the first successful attempt at tubercle bacilli cultivation on a coagulated serum by Koch.

Dubos initially embarked on a comparative study of the physiology of virulent and avirulent tubercle bacteria with a view to discovering a specific component that rendered the bacillus dangerous. The study was explicitly modelled on Avery’s investigations of Cited by: 2.

The avian and cold-blooded types show no surface growth or general turbidity, but give a granular deposit or a thick veil at the bottom of the flask. A peculiar fruity odour is given by cultures of all types.

A rapid and diffuse growth of the tubercle bacillus is promoted by the synthetic medium. Autoclave at 10 lb pressure for 10 minutes.

Prepare sterile horse serum containing 1, units penicillin per ml. Add 1 ml of the serum to each 9 ml of the medium. Dubos M e d i u m for Tubercle Bacilli M.B.C, modification This medium gives a rapid and diffuse growth of tubercle bacilli and is used for estimating streptomycin sensitivity.

The first major advance in the Dubos lab was a technical one the introduction of nontoxic wetting agents into the culture medium to enable diffuse growth of tubercle bacilli. Previous research in the field had been hampered by the fact that these organisms were very sIow-growing and could be cultured only as a surface pellicle, making.

Streptomycin was discovered at Rutgers University by a graduate student named Albert Schatz, working in the laboratory of Selman Waksman.

This golden age of antibiotic discovery unfolded against the backdrop of World War II and opened new doors for women in microbiology, who welcomed the opportunity to use their intellects, participate in the war effort, and experience the thrill of scientific Author: Douglas E.

Eveleigh, Joan W. Bennett. Yet his success in the laboratory during this period was meager. Using common detergents, Dubos developed a more convenient growth medium for the tubercle bacillus, the cause of tuberculosis, but his efforts to find a flaw in its capsular armor failed.

Move to Harvard. In Dubos became George Fabyan Professor of Comparative Pathology and. In particular, I focus on Dubos’s studies of tuberculosis at the Rockefeller Institute in the period –—studies which began with an inquiry into the tubercle bacillus and the.

Dubos later continued work in another direction. He now concentrated on Staphylococcus, creating media of pure staphylococci and adding different soil samples. Eventually a bacillus, Bacillus brevis, was found that destroyed staphylococci.

An extract diluted to a thou-sandth of a gram destroyed a billion staphylococci in an hour. LOWENSTEIN-JENSEN MEDIUM Egg stimulates the growth of tubercle bacilli Malachite green inhibits growth of organisms Glycerol promotes the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis omit glycerol, add Na pyruvate DUBOS MEDIUM drug sensitivity of tubercle bacilli casein hydrolysate, asparagin and salts Tween 80 causes dispersed growth and.

To overcome the associated experimental limitations, we established the attenuated BCG strain of M. bovis as a model organism to study the hypoxic life of the tubercle bacillus.

We demonstrated that BCG shows a dormancy response that is strikingly similar to the behavior shown by M. tuberculosis when grown in the oxygen-limited Wayne culture Cited by: in to study tuberculosis. Dubos embraced an ecological approach to medical science and was studying interactions among living organisms as well as environmental influences on infection and disease.

In when Jim began his research, Dubos and his colleagues were studying factors that govern the growth of tubercle bacilli in vivo. The performance of tofu-whey as a liquid medium in the propagation of mycobacterium tuberculosis strain Available via license: CC BY-NC-ND Content may be subject to copyright.

], for growth of the tubercle bacillus, but it was left for the former teacher Waksman to find the answer Dubos had been searching for. Waksman, as mentioned, was a soil scientist and was somewhat out of the mainstream of : John A. Odell. The study of bacterial growth certainly appears to evolve in the same sequence of bacterial growth curve.

When a bacterial inoculum is transferred to a fresh medium, growth does not occur immediately but only after a lag phase, bacteria start to replicate exponentially and bacteria in this phase are sensitive to antibiotics and stresses.

Tuberculosis (TB) was declared a public health emergency by WHO in The disease is a significant contributor to maternal mortality and is among the three leading causes of death among women aged 15–45 years in high burden areas. The exact incidence of tuberculosis in pregnancy, though not readily available, is expected to be as high as in the general by:   Most populations of tubercle bacilli are either frankly resistant in vitro (i.e., greater than 50% resistance) or frankly susceptible (i.e., no growth or greater than 1% resistance).

Intermediate readings on drug-containing medium are rare, but they may indicate that resistance is developing. See Tuberculosis: Diagnostic Imaging and Treatment Challenges, a Critical Images slideshow, to help determine the best approach for patients with this multisystemic disease.

Tubercle bacilli belong to the order Actinomycetales and family Mycobacteriaceae. Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the most common cause of this disease, and it is seen in the image below.

To overcome the associated experimental limitations, we established the attenuated BCG strain of M. bovis as a model organism to study the hypoxic life of the tubercle bacillus. We demonstrated that BCG shows a dormancy response that is strikingly similar to the behavior shown by M.

tuberculosis when grown in the oxygen-limited Wayne culture.Abstract. The history of the bacillus of Calmette and Guérin (BCG) begins in when Calmette and Guérin began their work with Lait Nocard, a virulent bovine strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated by Nocard from a cow that had tuberculous mastitis.

Calmette and Guérin subcultured the organism every 3 weeks on a glycerinated beef-bile-potato by: The present invention features general-purpose microbiological growth media capable of supporting growth of microorganisms on membranes.

The media contain casein digest, soybean digest, animal tissue digest, yeast extract, dextrose, a phosphate buffer, hemin, and L-cystine. The invention features an all-purpose microbiological growth media that can support the growth of anaerobes, molds Author: Kate Shara, Julie Schwedock, Sommer Vogel.